Drones which has become increasingly widespread throughout the world, has begun to enter the agenda of the states as a “security threat”. Drone systems can be produced even with information and parts from open sources, have reached a completely independent threat to the states. News from Iraq and Syria show that terrorist groups are using “bombs placed drones.” Also critical facilities such as nuclear power plants, airports, crowded events, VIP participatory programs, government buildings are directly threatened by drone systems.
All these threat perceptions led to a new “anti-drone” market in defense sector. Not only terror groups, but country armies are also taking important steps to develop lightweight drones next to unmanned vehicles and to use them in conflict situations. All these steps show that with the increased security concerns, the future of the market will be much larger than anticipated.
Drone expenditure: $ 12 billion
Drone expenditures of $ 8 billion by 2015 are expected to reach $ 12 billion by 2021. This expectation for growth is evolving as companies increase their investments in this area and institutions also disseminate the use of drone in business processes. According to research company Sipri, in 2014, a total of $ 1.5 billion drone sales were realized.
Anti-drone weapons or systems that are used to neutralize the drone in the threat position are developed with both electromagnetic and direct firing and defense and attack capabilities.
Threats will magnify the anti-drone market
In Turkey, it is known that the perception of threat in this area is kept alive by the security forces, although there is no intentional attack attempt with drone right now in Turkey.
Not only attack, but unauthorized drone flights for intelligence and surveillance also stand as a separate issue that needs to be taken precautions.
It is not difficult to predict that the diversity of the Turkish market will increase with domestic or imported solutions. ASELSAN, an important actor in the domestic defense industry, took the first step in anti-drone work and moved to the leading position on producing these systems.
ASELSAN’s Anti-Drone System: IHTAR
To encounter drone threats ASELSAN has developed IHTAR system. IHTAR can detect, track, classify and disrupt the threats. IHTAR, Aselsan’s anti-drone system, aims to neutralize mini and micro UAV threats in urban and rural environments. ASELSAN’s IHTAR system consists of mainly Radar, Electro-Optical sensor, Electronic Attack, Tactical Signal Emulator and Command Control systems. This system has many applications such as protection of critical facilitie, prevention of illegal border leaks, safety of highly populated events. IHTAR can be operated in mobile of fixed configuration. Radar detects and track multiple drones day and night in all weather conditions. Radar has high accuracy and resolution, 360° continuous or sector scanning with adjustable sector width. IHTAR’s Electro-Optical sensors, provide the system threat identification and tracking capability. These sensor is able to operate in different environments (link high-clutter etc. ) and in all weather conditions. The system has centralized command and control capabilities with integrated GIS, alarm zones, automatic threat detection and tracking, filtering etc.
Besides the anti-drone system developments of the major actors of the domestic defense industry, Elibra Group became the company that brought the foreign technology to the Turkish market. The product presented to the market in Turkey consists of two parts named “DroneShield” and “DroneGun”. DroneShield can detect drones either in the field or in a crowded and highly acoustically complex environment in the city, and can also disable them with EMP. DroneGun is a mobile striker.